Blisters and burns, how to take care of mistreated skin

How to take care of burns

1. You should run cool water over the burn for about 10 minutes to stop the burning process, do not use ice or cold water since they can potentially cause further damage to the skin.

2. Carefully blot the burn dry with clean towel and cover the burn with a clean loose dressing. If the dressing is too tight it could stick to the burn and cause pain.

3. Apply ointment to the burn, Aloe vera, Vitamin E, or a burn cream. Never put any kind of ointment with petroleum jelly on a burn as this will hold the heat in and cause the burn to blister.

4. Mild burns with reddened skin that have not blistered can be treated with a topical burn ointment or spray to reduce the pain. If a burn does blister you have a greater chance of it becoming infected, and you should seek medical attention.

How to take care of sunburn

A very good natural sunburn treatment is aloe vera.  Aloe vera will have an immediate cooling effect on the skin; it also forms a protective layer that will seal in moisture into the skin, which will help the sunburn to heal faster. You can buy aloe vera gel with lidocaine that will give you instant relief.  Tea is another way to treat sunburn.  Brew a pot of tea and wait for it to cool, once it is cool apply to the sunburn with a sponge. Taking vitamins for the first few days after getting sunburned can promote faster healing of your damaged skin.  Vitamin A, Vitamin C, beta-carotene and Vitamin E in liquid or capsule form, will help healing from the inside out.  Using lotions with these vitamins can also help with peeling. If your sunburn starts to blister you need to immediately see a doctor for professional treatment.  A baking soda bath can help relieve sunburn naturally.  Add about a cup of baking soda to a bath filled with lukewarm water, and soak for as long as you would like. Make sure that all affected areas are submerged for this treatment to work best. Pour the bath water over your body using your hands or a soft washcloth. Dab onto burned facial areas gently or splash the water directly onto your face. Rinse with cool water to remove any remaining grit, and moisturize with either after-sun lotion or aloe vera. You can also take acetaminophen or ibuprofen to reduce swelling and help ease some of the pain.  Even if you have not gotten sunburned, it is important to care for your skin after sun exposure. After a day at the pool, re-hydrate skin with moisturizer, preferably one without alpha-hydroxy acids, which will cause your skin to peel.

How to take care of blisters

Blisters that are not caused by burns can be treated at home if they are not too bad.

First you need to thoroughly wash your hands and put on latex gloves.

Next you need to clean gently around the blister with a mild soap of solution.  Then you need to sterilize the tip of a needle by soaking it in a disinfectant like alcohol.

Next carefully slide the tip of the needle into your skin at the base of the blister.  Make sure you leave the top of the blister in tact so it can protect the skin. Then take your finger and gently push the fluid out. After all of the fluid has been removed apply antibiotic ointment to a piece of gauze and cover the blister. Be sure to check the blister once a day and watch for signs of infection: redness around the blister, swelling, pain, and pus. If any of these symptoms occur you need to see a doctor immediately.

No More Craters, Minimize your Pores

Do you have really large skin pores and want to get rid of them?  There are a couple of ways to get the pores on your face to stop looking like big craters!  For smaller, healthier skin pores, try a couple of these suggestions:

1) Wear a mud mask or a peeling mask. In order to maintain healthy skin pores, you should wear a facial mask about once a week.  If you wear facial masks more than once a week, it can bring out extra oils and cause zits to appear.  Mud masks or peeling masks are especially good at minimizing your pore size.  One great mud mask is the NuSkin Glacial Marine Mud.  It dries quickly and rinses off easily.  Another good peeling mask that can help reduce the size of your pores is Freeman’s Cucumber Melon and Ginseng Peeling Masque.

2) Apply toner to your face after cleansing. Toner is a great way to help reduce the size of your pores.  You should apply toner to your face after washing it with cleanser.  Toner should be applied with a small cotton ball and not with bath tissue.  This way, you will avoid getting little flecks of tissue in your pores, which can aggravate them and cause them to get bigger.  There are a couple toners that you can try to help minimize your pore size.  Neutrogena’s Alcohol-Free Toner is geared to help refreshing your skin and minimizing your pores.  Another thing that you can try as a replacement for toner is witch hazel, which you can buy at most drugstores.  This product also works well to keep the size of your pores down.

3) Try nose strips.  If you have large pores on your nose, you might want to try nose strips.  These strips can help get rid of blackheads and whiteheads in your skin, which can help your pores become healthier and smaller.  Pond’s Clear Pore Nose Strips are available for a reasonable price at most grocery and drug stores.  You get these strips wet with water, place them on your nose for a minute until they dry, and then pull them off quickly.  The blackheads and whiteheads in your pores will get pulled off with the strip!

4) Steam your face! Steaming is another way to help reduce the size of your pores.  By placing your face in a steamer, you can loosen up a lot of the debris which clogs your pores.  Place a pan of boiling water on the stove, and lean your face over the steam that rises from the pan.  Hold a towel over your head and the pan so that the steam will not escape! After steaming your face and getting rid of all of the debris, splash some really cold water on your face.  This will shrink your pores down quickly, and they will stay healthy because you cleaned them with steaming.

5) Try a concealer. Concealers also can be used to help cover up large pores on your face.  After using some of the above steps to minimize your pore size, you can dab a little bit of concealer on your skin to help cover up your pores.  If you have large pores, the best type of makeup for you to use is non-comedogenic.  This type of makeup does not clog pores, so you’ll be able to prevent your pore size from getting bigger.

6) Don’t pick at your pores! One of the best things that you can do to not clog your pores is to avoid picking at them.  This will just aggravate your face and make your pores become even larger and oilier.  Plus, you should especially not use your fingernails when touching your pores, because they can carry dirt and debris which will aggravate your pores even more.  Instead of picking and popping your pores, try some of the steps listed above to minimize your pore size (and get rid of those craters!)  in a healthy and beautiful way!

Evening out skin tone without looking caked-faced

There are a lot of things that you can do to even out your skin tone without looking caked-faced from wearing too much makeup.  In fact, there are some things that you can do in your skin care before resorting to powder makeup and liquid foundation!  One of the best things to do to even out your skin tone is to exfoliate your skin regularly and to daily wash your face.  Usually normal skin conditions require a person to exfoliate 1-2 times a week.  You should wash your face at twice a day – once in the morning, and once at night.  These basic steps will help to even out your skin tone naturally.
In regards to makeup, there are a couple of different options that you can do to make sure that you don’t end up looking caked-faced.  If you feel like you’re looking to fake and “caked-on” with liquid moisturizer, try a different option.  Tinted moisturizers are a great alternative, because they aren’t as thick and messy as liquid foundation.  They are geared to blend into your face better than foundation.
Another thing that you can do to have a more natural skin tone appearance is to make sure that you have the foundation color that is right for you.  Often people can appear caked-faced because they aren’t quite using the right color to match their skin.  One way you can tell your makeup shade is right for you is if it matches the color of the skin on the inside of your wrist.  Dab a little bit of foundation there and rub it in.  Does the color blend in well?
You can also even out your skin tone without looking caked-faced by only adding your foundation or tinted moisturizer in certain spots on your face.  You can also buy different kinds of cream concealers that are made for these kinds of “spot treatments.”  Usually “problem spots” on the face that need evening-out are the nose, chin, and dark circles under the eyes.  First try adding makeup only to these problem spots, and see if that helps your skin tone.  If you have lots of red spots on your skin, you might want to look into getting a yellow concealer, which is sometimes called a corrector concealer.  The yellow in these tones even out the red color to give you a natural, even look that isn’t caked faced.  If you have dark circles under your eyes, you could look into getting a green concealer, which focuses on neutralizing the dark color for a more natural appearance.
Sometimes these spot treatments are the best way to avoid looking caked-faced, especially because you often avoid putting lots of makeup on your cheeks and forehead.
Because your cheeks and forehead cover such a large part of the face, they often are the biggest clues if someone has too much makeup on, and it’s best to avoid as much makeup in these areas as possible.  If you feel like you do need to add makeup to your forehead and cheeks, be especially sure that you blend in everything properly in these areas.  If things aren’t blended in all the way, or they aren’t the right shade for your face, you will probably get a line of makeup along your jaw line or at your hairline.  This often makes a person look unnatural and caked-faced.
Another type of makeup that can help you to not look caked-faced is powder.  Usually loose powders give a more natural appearance than compact powders, but both can do the trick if you are careful in their application.  Just make sure that you don’t put too much powder on your face and that the powder color is right for your skin.
These tips are general suggestions for people to even out their skin tone and avoid looking caked-faced.  However, all skin types are different.  If these tips and ideas for evening out your skin tone still don’t help, you might need to consult with your dermatologist or a beautician for further suggestions.

What make-up should I buy if I can’t afford the expensive stuff

colorful eyeshadowsMake-up can be very expensive, but it also ranges from the stuff you get at the dollar store to the stuff you get in high end shops that costs you $35 or more for one eye shadow. So, how can you know what make-up to buy if you can’t afford the really good expensive stuff? In other words, which of the cheaper make-ups are the better option? The following is a look at how to choose make-up when you can’t afford expensive brands like MAC, Estee Lauder, etc.

  1. Consider what you are buying. Some products are going to be better from the department store than they are from the drug store. For example, a department store foundation will probably stay on better and look nicer than a drug store foundation, and it is likely better for your skin. However, mascara is going to be about the same either way, so save the $20 and buy the $7 tube from Wal-Mart. You are only supposed to keep a tube of mascara for 3 months, so why spend a fortune on it? In other words, for your everyday, foundational make-up products, go for the quality high-end products, but for shadows, lip sticks, and glosses, and the things that you change frequently, the drug store stuff is going to work fine.
  2. Consider the brand. Even at the drugstore there is going to be a quality difference among brands. Choose brands like L’Oreal, Maybelline, and Covergirl as they use higher quality ingredients that are less likely to irritate your skin or cause breakouts. If you want something for fun for one night out, or for an eighties party or something, going with the cheaper stuff is going to be best, but if you plan to use it frequently, spending a little more to get something that stays on and lasts, is going to be worth it. These name brands are name brand for a reason, and they have a good reputation, so pay attention to it.
  3. Choose one must have to splurge on. If you are a lipstick person, then go ahead and buy the expensive tube of long lasting all over cover lipstick, and go cheap on your shadows and other stuff. If you love eye shadow, buy the color you wear most from MAC, and enjoy using it.

It is best to have a few quality products that cost you more than to have tons of makeup that you will not wear or that irritates your skin. So, if you can’t afford the high end make-up, save up for a few items, and supplement with the best brands of the lower end make-ups. Just remember, your skin is important, so do not put stuff on it that will make it unhealthy. Check ingredients, and try for as all natural as you can get.

What colors are best for my skin tones?

a pile of makeupAs a teenage girl, make-up is probably a part of your daily routine. Learning how to choose the right makeup colors is going to help you look your best even if you are only wearing a little bit of makeup. What looks great on one girl might look really horrible on another. So, never base your make-up color choice off of what looks good on someone else. Instead, consider your skin tones, and choose the colors that look best for your skin. The following are some tips for choosing the right colors for your skin:

First you have to know what your skin tone is. Generally there are four categories, also referred to as seasons, for describing complexions. So, look in the mirror and figure out which of the seasons your skin tone most closely represents. If you can’t tell from that, look at your nail bed, and determine what colors are in it. This should help you determine which season you fit in best.

The four seasons are winter, summer, spring, and autumn.

Those with a winter complexion will have blue or pink undertones. You do not have to be pale white to have a winter complexion. Skin is usually pale white, yellowish-olive, or dark. Most of the time, those with winter complexions are going to be brunettes with dark eye colors. Many Asians have winter complexions, as do African Americans.

Those with summer complexions are usually pale, with pinkish skin. The undertones are often similar to that of winter, with blue or pink. The most common people with this complexion are natural blondes. However, brunettes with pale eyes may also have this coloring.

Those with a spring complexion will have golden undertones. Their skin is usually more peach than pink, or more creamy than white. This skin tone is common in people with freckles, blue or green eyes, or strawberry hair.

Those who fit the autumn category have complexions with golden undertones, as well, but typically this is more for redheads and brunettes with golden brown eyes.

So once you know what category you fall into, it is time to look at what make-up and clothing colors are most flattering on you.

Winter: For those with winter complexions, white, black, navy, red, and bright pinks all look good. This means a smokey eye with bright red lipstick might be just the right look. Pale pinks, pastels, beige, golds, creams, or oranges etc. should be avoided. Darker, sharper, or starker colors work better, or icy colors that are lighter, but still stark.
Summer: For those with summer complexions, the softer pastels and nuetrals are your best bet. Rose undertones, light blues, lavenders, browns, etc. all make your skin look great, black and orange should be avoided, as well as other dark colors.

Spring: Those with a spring complexion should use the warm colors like gold, yellows, golden brown, peach, etc. Dark colors, or dull, ashy, colors should be avoided.

Autumn: Those with an autumn complexion should use colors with golden undertones, like camel, beige, or even dark chocolate brown. You can pull off orange, gold and other dark colors better than most. You should, however, avoid blues.

Natural looking make up

happy teenEvery teen girl knows that make-up should look natural, but that does not mean that it is worn that way. Make-up is fun, and a great way to express yourself, but often ignorance for how it should be applied, and what colors or tones to use lead to misuse, and unnatural looking application. The following is a look at how to get natural looking make-up:

First, you have to have a clean face. You will want to use an oil free cleanser, and make sure your face is dried well after washing.

Second, you want to apply a moisturizer to your face, preferably oil free once again. Apply all over, and let dry.

Third, use a brush or sponge to apply a thin, light layer of foundation. Some of the best foundations for a light, air whipped look are spray on foundations. You can spray them directly on the sponge, and then dap on the face. If you do not need a foundation because you have clear and even toned skin, consider tinting your moisturizer with just a touch of foundation.

Fourth, choose a concealer that is just a shade lighter than your foundation, and that is as close to your natural skin tones as possible, and use that concealer to hide dark under eye circles, blemishes, pimples, etc. Use a brush to apply it.

Fifth, after choosing the right color, lightly apply translucent powder over your whole face. This will act as a way to set the foundation and concealer so that it does not rub off as easily, and will stay all day.

Sixth, use a cream shadow in a neutral color. Use your finger to apply it over your entire lid, and be especially careful on the lash line. You will want to blend it well. You can later add a little color or shading to dress up the look for a night out, but for the natural look, choose a neutral color.

Seventh, choose a slightly darker shade of powder shadow to apply directly under the eye, but use a brush to apply it. This will help your eyes look brighter and larger. If you want to make them look even larger, consider a white eye liner on the bottom lid, or a light colored shadow in the corners of your eyes.

Eighth, add a lipstick or gloss that is just a shade or two darker than your natural lip color. Apply a lip balm first to make lips moist and supple.

Ninth, choose a blush that goes with your skin tone, and apply a little on the apples of your cheeks. Use a brush and blend it well so you look kissed by the sun, but not overly made up.

Tenth,  use a mascara a shade or two darker than your natural lash color, and apply a nice, even coat. You want to make sure you do not get clumps, or use a color that is too dark or too light for your natural coloring.

Looking tan the healthy way

woman applying lotionHaving a tan is a big deal. You just look better when your skin is tan, and most teens say to heck with the health risks of getting tan, I would rather have a tan now then be pale and worry about the future. However, that future is coming at you faster than you think, and there are serious risks to getting a tan from the sun. Besides things like premature aging of the skin, you risk skin cancer, and other serious skin problems. So, the healthy way to get tan would be to skip the sunshine and opt for the sunless tanner.

To look tan without the risks of tanning, avoid the sun and tanning salons, and buy a sunless tanner. They can pose some risks, but for the most part are harmless and effective for getting a tan.

How do sunless tanning products work?

Basically you are going to get a sunless tanning product that is either a lotion or cream, or a gel or a spray. You apply it to your skin, and the active ingredient in it, DHA, dihydroxyacetone, will make you look tan. How? Well, it is going to react with the top layer of your skin, which is made up primarily of dead skin cells. The reaction will cause your skin to have a darkened appearance. In a way it is like dying the outermost layer of your skin.

The reaction does not stop, so the tan will not fade, but you do slough off, shave off, and remove the dead skin cells, so to keep yourself tan, you have to continue to apply the lotion, cream, gel, or spray at least every five days, preferably more often.

If you want to look darker, you simply apply more often. Usually the product will go on clear, and within a few hours you can see results. It used to be that sunless tanners left streaks and orange, but today they have developed much better and people have become more adept at using them, so the negative sides are just about gone. Usually color shows up within an hour, but it can take 8-24 for full results. For best results you will want to exfoliate, apply to clean skin, and let dry completely before wearing clothing, etc.

If you do not want to do the home kind of healthy tanning, another option is to go to a tanning salon and get a spray on tan. These are professionally applied sunless tanner, which usually means even, full body coverage, no streaks or stripes.

So, is sunless tanning healthy? Well it will not improve your health, other than using it instead of sun does good. However, according to the FDA it is not unsafe to apply it to your skin, although it should not be inhaled or ingested. So, when applying it you want to keep your mouth and eyes closed.

Lipstick or lipgloss?

woman putting lipstick onWhether you should wear lipstick or lip gloss depends entirely on you. The trick to great lip wear is not whether it is a stick or a gloss, but whether or not it is the right shade for you.

How do you choose the right shade of lipstick or lip gloss? There are tons of ways people go about figuring out which lipstick or gloss works for them, but most of the time it ends up costing them tons of money, and leaves them with little product that they like or use. To choose the right lip color, you want to follow a few simple tips.

Tip one: the best color for your lips whether you are wearing a gloss or lip stick is always going to be a couple shades darker than your natural color. So, choose a color that resembles your natural lip color, and then pick something a couple of shades darker. Do this by putting lipstick on just one lip. Then compare that lip to the bare lip, and decide, is that the same tone, just a few shades darker? If yes, you have found the perfect lip color, if no, you should keep looking.

Tip two: If you can’t try the lip stick or lip gloss on before you buy it, find a mirror and hold the box up to your lips. The box should have a sticker or color sample on top of it to help you see what you will be getting. So, compare that to your lips. It is usually pretty right on, and thus it is a great way to find out if the color will work for your lips and skin tones.

Tip three: Do not try to match your lipstick or gloss to your outfit.
If your are wearing a purple shirt, that does not mean purple lip stick is for you. In fact if you have orange colored lips, an orange lip gloss might be best. So, instead of matching your clothes, match your skin tones. This is going to yield the best results.

Tip four: Choose colors that naturally go well with your coloring.
If you are fair skinned, stay away from brown colors and undertones. Apricots, corals, and nudes work better for you. If you have medium skin tones darker roses, mauves, and burgundy work well.  Do not use bright reds. If you have dark skin, then go with caramels, plums, and rich colors like reds and chocolates.

If you want a natural look to your make-up, choose neutral lipsticks, or light lip glosses. Lip gloss is more flirty and fun, while lipstick is more sexy and sophisticated. However, as long as you get the color right it will not make much of a difference which you wear. For the beach or sporty outings, opt for a lip gloss, for a dinner party or formal engagement, lipstick might be beset.

How to shave your skin

woman shaving legsShaving, whether it is your face, your legs, armpits, or bikini line takes some thought and preparation. There are do’s and don’ts to shaving. The following is a quick guide to shaving, no matter what you are shaving.

Step one: Make sure the area is clean. You want to cleanse the area before shaving, otherwise you might expose your pores to bacteria, dirt, and debris which might cause acne, irritation, inflammation, etc. Use a mild cleanser, and use water as warm to hot as you can handle. This will open the pores and make it possible to remove hair more easily.

Step two: Make sure the blade is sharp and clean. If your blade has hair stuck in it, or is dull it will drag across the skin and not cut well, which will cause it to pull and will result in inflammation and irritation of the area. Your best bet is to change your blade regularly, and to clean it well and often. This way you are not putting mildew, mold, or bacteria onto your skin. So not leave your razor in the shower as it will become a breeding ground for bacteria because of the moisture.

Step three: Make sure the area is well lubricated. Friction created between the blade and the skin can cause irritation and inflammation. So, to avoid this irritation, and reduce the risk of razor burn, no matter where you are shaving, consider using a shaving cream or gel.

Step four: Make sure you shave with the grain. Your pores are going to be sensitive, and shaving against the grain can cause pulling and pain. If you want a close shave, shave against the grain, but be sure at your last stroke, to shave with the grain to return the hair to the right direction, in order to make it less painful. If possible only shave each part of skin once to reduce redness and to help the skin heal faster.

Step five: Be sure to cleanse area after to remove all residue of your shave gel or cream.
You do not want to leave oils, gels, creams, etc. on the skin after you shave as they might clog the pores or irritate the skin. So, cleanse with a mild soap, and water after, and consider rinsing the area with cold water when finished. This will help close up the pores.

Step six: Soothe skin or treat to reduce or avoid razor burn.
You can use aloe vera, tea tree oil, vitamin E, after shave, or any number of other things to help cool and soothe the skin after shaving to help with razor burn.

If you follow these six steps, whether shaving your face or somewhere else, you will find great results and a good shave.

How to get rid of zits

woman with facial maskZits are a common problem in teenagers, especially those going through puberty. However, this does not mean you have to live with zits, or be okay with having them. Just because they are common does not make them any less frustrating to have. The following are 8 tips for things you can do to reduce and get rid of your zits:

  1. Stop popping them. It usually leads to them spreading because the bacteria that was in the pore that caused it to be blocked and a zit to form in the first place is spread when you pop the zit.
  2. Use mild soaps and exfoliate regularly. Your skin is going to need a little help. Basically you have millions of pores, and sometimes oil, dead skin, or bacteria block the pores, and then a zit forms. The best way to stop this from happening is to help your skin have the right amount of oil, to clean away dead skin cells, and to kill bacteria. A mild soap is best for this. If you use too strong of a soap, you might throw off your skin’s natural oils, and it will have to over-produce in order to keep the skin from being too dry. You do not want to irritate skin.
  3. Use toner. Toner is not just some expensive ploy to get you to buy more product. Toner helps clean off any excess residue from your cleanser, and it tightens your pores up so that they are less likely to get debris and bacteria in them. You can purchase a toner, or use lemon juice, or witch hazel. The toner you use should depend on the oiliness of your skin. The more oil you have, the more alcohol you want, or the more medicated toner.
  4. Stick to a routine. Inconsistency in either frequency or product can cause problems for your skin. For the best results and fewest zits, using the same routing each day can result in significant improvement. It gives your skin a chance to balance out and rid itself of pollutants naturally.
  5. Keep hair off of face. Your hair has oils in it, and this can make too much oil on your skin, causing pores to clog, and acne to form.
  6. Get enough sleep. Sleep is the best way to kick stress, and stress leads to hormone imbalance and zits!
  7. Drink lots of water. Being well hydrated is going to help your body rid itself of toxins, waste, and pollutants far better. If your body is not hydrated well enough, your skin can’t do its job of sweating and carrying waste out of the body as well, and so zits form.
  8. Change your pillow case regularly. You sleep on it, and it gets oil, dirt, etc. on it, if you change it regularly you are not plaguing yourself with zits by putting your face on a dirty surface.