1. You should run cool water over the burn for about 10 minutes to stop the burning process, do not use ice or cold water since they can potentially cause further damage to the skin.
2. Carefully blot the burn dry with clean towel and cover the burn with a clean loose dressing. If the dressing is too tight it could stick to the burn and cause pain.
3. Apply ointment to the burn, Aloe vera, Vitamin E, or a burn cream. Never put any kind of ointment with petroleum jelly on a burn as this will hold the heat in and cause the burn to blister.
4. Mild burns with reddened skin that have not blistered can be treated with a topical burn ointment or spray to reduce the pain. If a burn does blister you have a greater chance of it becoming infected, and you should seek medical attention.
How to take care of sunburn
A very good natural sunburn treatment is aloe vera. Aloe vera will have an immediate cooling effect on the skin; it also forms a protective layer that will seal in moisture into the skin, which will help the sunburn to heal faster. You can buy aloe vera gel with lidocaine that will give you instant relief. Tea is another way to treat sunburn. Brew a pot of tea and wait for it to cool, once it is cool apply to the sunburn with a sponge. Taking vitamins for the first few days after getting sunburned can promote faster healing of your damaged skin. Vitamin A, Vitamin C, beta-carotene and Vitamin E in liquid or capsule form, will help healing from the inside out. Using lotions with these vitamins can also help with peeling. If your sunburn starts to blister you need to immediately see a doctor for professional treatment. A baking soda bath can help relieve sunburn naturally. Add about a cup of baking soda to a bath filled with lukewarm water, and soak for as long as you would like. Make sure that all affected areas are submerged for this treatment to work best. Pour the bath water over your body using your hands or a soft washcloth. Dab onto burned facial areas gently or splash the water directly onto your face. Rinse with cool water to remove any remaining grit, and moisturize with either after-sun lotion or aloe vera. You can also take acetaminophen or ibuprofen to reduce swelling and help ease some of the pain. Even if you have not gotten sunburned, it is important to care for your skin after sun exposure. After a day at the pool, re-hydrate skin with moisturizer, preferably one without alpha-hydroxy acids, which will cause your skin to peel.
How to take care of blisters
Blisters that are not caused by burns can be treated at home if they are not too bad.
First you need to thoroughly wash your hands and put on latex gloves.
Next you need to clean gently around the blister with a mild soap of solution. Then you need to sterilize the tip of a needle by soaking it in a disinfectant like alcohol.
Next carefully slide the tip of the needle into your skin at the base of the blister. Make sure you leave the top of the blister in tact so it can protect the skin. Then take your finger and gently push the fluid out. After all of the fluid has been removed apply antibiotic ointment to a piece of gauze and cover the blister. Be sure to check the blister once a day and watch for signs of infection: redness around the blister, swelling, pain, and pus. If any of these symptoms occur you need to see a doctor immediately.